Burn injuries are one of the most painful injuries anyone can suffer. Most people do not realize that our skin is the largest organ in our body. Our skin has billions of neuron receptors that tell our brain if that part of our body is cold or hot or is injured.
Normal Neuron Messages
If our body is hot or cold, normally a message is then carried to the brain. We react appropriately to heat or cold to protect our body such as by covering our skin if it’s cold, or by rubbing our hands together to create friction. If we are hot, we take clothes off, take a shower or go for a swim to cool down or go in an air conditioned environment.
Minor Burn Injuries
If we feel pain, we instinctively remove that part of the body away from the source of the pain. When we get a minor burn injury (which is referred to as a first degree burn injury), we frequently run water on the affected area to help the pain. The outer layer of the skin, called the epidermis, then regrows and the skin heals with no after effect, except possibly a minor scar.
Serious Second or Third Degree Burn Injuries
When the skin is burned more severely, either a second degree burn injury or third degree burn injury, the lower layers of the skin are affected.
Causes of Burn Injuries
Burn injuries often result from:
- on the job incidents,
- automobile accidents,
- fires in structures,
- electrocution or electrical burns,
- thermal burns, and
- chemical burns.